Risk Factors in Mesothelioma
Risk factor is something or anything that might affect a person’s change of being diagnosed with any disease such as cancer. Depending on types of cancer, risk factors may vary. Risk factors may be something like smoking and can be changed however, other risk factors may be things like a person’s family history or age which are permanent and cannot be changed.
It does not mean that knowing one or more risk factors will certainly get one diagnosed with disease. Some people who get disease may have known more or fewer risk factors.
According to various researches, there have been found some factors that increase a person’s risk of mesothelioma. They are:
- Pleural mesothelioma has one major risk factor which is called Asbestos. Asbestos is commonly identified as a group of minerals that are in the form of bundles of tiny fibers. These fibers are available in many parts of Earth.
When asbestos fibers in air are knowingly or unknowingly inhaled, they may get into our lungs. These fibers then injure cells present in pleura and this eventually results in mesothelioma.
- Zeolites are similar to Asbestos and have similar effects to a human body. Zeolites are also a cause of mesothelioma.
- Radiation is used as treatment of cancer of chest or abdomen in various individuals. But in doing so, there have been reports that very same patient is diagnosed with mesothelioma in many cases. Although risk of mesothelioma is quite high in patients who are treated with radiation, this cancer is still rare in such patients.
- SV40 virus:
- There are studies that have identified possibilities that infection with simian virus (SV40) contribute to increasing risk of developing mesothelioma. From reports among few, as many as 30 million people in the USA alone may have been exposed to SV40 virus.
- Age is a major contributor in terms of risk of mesothelioma cancer. This disease can occur in young people (children included), bit is considered to be very rare and occasional under people under age of 45. According to reports, 2 out of 3 people with mesothelioma of chest are older than age of 65.
- Males are more susceptible to mesothelioma in comparison to females. This might be because of males having to work in jobs that include heavy exposure to asbestos.
Being careful and avoiding risk factors such as above could always save an individual from being diagnosed with mesothelioma. Also, after diagnosis, having people around is always a good treatment method for people who have not-so-much time even with various treatments.